Marine Research Findings of the VECTORS Project

This website provides access to the research results of the VECTORS project, which can be used to support marine management decisions, policies and governance as well as future research and investment. VECTORS was a large scale project that brought together more than 200 expert researchers from 16 different countries. It examined the significant changes taking place in European seas, their causes, and the impacts they will have on society.

The current and future provision of ecosystem services in Puck Bay and Gulf of Gdansk

The aim of this exercise was to identify and quantify the current day (2000-2009) ecosystem services provided by the Puck Bay and Gulf of Gdansk, located in the southern part of the Baltic Sea, on the Polish coast, and to determine how these services may change in the medium future (2040-2049). Ecosystem services studied included provisioning, regulating, habitat and cultural services, and among them food provision, climate regulation, gene, pool protection, coastal erosion prevention, leisure, recreation and tourism, and cultural heritage. The National Enterprise and Global Community scenarios were used to assess the impact of introducing different policies and their potential consequences on each of studied services.


The survey reveals that almost all services were negatively impacted under National Enterprise scenario, while under the Global Community scenario the opposite tend can be expected.

Increased CO2 emissions, temperature and nutrient load, and anthropogenic pressure including fishing, and decreased international shipping predicted for the National Enterprise scenario will promote biodiversity and fish population decrease, including negative impact on seagrass and associated endemic species. Increased CO2 emissions, similar to current nutrient load, a large increase in windfarms, cease rubbish dumping, very strict rules regarding shipping and decease in fishing pressure predicted under the Global Community scenario are expected to result in biodiversity, species of recreational interest and fish population increase, further promoting tourism and cultural heritage protection in the area.

Relevance for Policy:
  • Directive on Maritime Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Management (forthcoming)
  • Habitats and Birds Directive
  • Marine Strategy Framework Directive

Lead Author:

Monika Kędra & Joanna Piwowarczyk
( )
Agrocampus Ouest (AGRO)
Date of research: May 2014

Related articles:

Public perception of marine benefits

Co-existence in busy seas: the primary sectors 

Ecosystem service changes in an offshore MPA

How to improve governance in the Gulf of Gdansk?

How tourism interacts with other users of the sea?

Modelling fishing fleets competing for space

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The content of this website may be subject to copyright, if you wish to use any of the information or figures please contact the attributed author(s).
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 266445
© Vectors 2015. Coordinated by Plymouth Marine Laboratory.