Marine Research Findings of the VECTORS Project

This website provides access to the research results of the VECTORS project, which can be used to support marine management decisions, policies and governance as well as future research and investment. VECTORS was a large scale project that brought together more than 200 expert researchers from 16 different countries. It examined the significant changes taking place in European seas, their causes, and the impacts they will have on society.

A degree of isolation among macrozoobenthos species in the Bay of Puck, the Southern Baltic

Sheltered, shallow bay of Puck is protected as NATURA 2000 “habitat area”. The place is rich in species and seascape forms, and hosts large share of countries marine fauna species. After serious degradation period in 1970-ties, the original distribution of species was heavily changed. Our research demonstrates what are the real distances among populations and associations, and how far they follow the physico-chemical characteristics of the sea bed.


Detailed physical-chemical characteristics of the seabed does not correspond to the biota that occur there.

The key information is, that after 20 years of improved environmental conditions, and return to basic good physical parameters, the plant and animal associations did not returned to their original locations. GIS – based mapping shows the importance of recent disturbance history, and demonstrates which species are likely to be under threat (small isolated populations) versus those that are widely distributed with good dispersal abilities.

Lead Author:

Jan Marcin Węsławski
Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences (IOPAS)
Date of research: June 2012

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Early life stage survival of Baltic cod

Bioaccumulation of metals in blue mussels

Could MPAs mitigate the effects of fishing? 

How to improve governance in the Gulf of Gdansk?

Local nutrient loads and primary production

Modelling fishing fleets competing for space

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The content of this website may be subject to copyright, if you wish to use any of the information or figures please contact the attributed author(s).
This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 266445
© Vectors 2015. Coordinated by Plymouth Marine Laboratory.